Research Focus Of Biodiversity Borneo Laboratory | UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA BINTULU SARAWAK CAMPUS
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Research Focus of Biodiversity Borneo Laboratory

Targeted Ecosystem

Organic and mineral soils’ interactions with plants.


The Biodiversity Borneo Laboratory focuses on improving ecosystem quality using modern technology and new methods in agriculture and forestry which do not interfere with natural systems and do not cause harm with time. In addition, the existing health indicators will be thoroughly looked into to either improve them or come out with new ones. The indicators could be within the interactions among soil, plant, water, and environmental factors. Also, there will be a focus on monitoring and improving ecosystem quality of forestry and agricultural systems using for example, Internet of Things (IoT). This monitoring will enable us to improve or develop health indicators for effective and efficient management of forestry and agronomic quality.


  1. To determine how soil and plant interaction translate into social, economic, and environmental efficiency.
  2. To improve indicators for efficient monitoring and management of forestry and agriculture ecosystem.

Expected outcomes

  1. Achieving social, economic, and environmental efficiency through improvement of soil and plant productivity.
  2. Establishment of sustainable agriculture, forestry and afforested ecosystems.



Professor Datin Dr. Faridah Hanum Ibrahim FASc
Field of Specialization:  Plant Systematics and Forest Botany
+6086 855230 /

BSc  - Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia;  PhD  - University of Reading, England. One of my main research looks into how deforestation affect tree composition and biomass of the different forest types in Malaysia. Plots in selected forests have been established since 1995 for this purpose to collect data on tree species composition, diameter at breast height of trees, tree growth, recruitment, mortality and soil parameters.  Currently, I am also working on the ecosytem health of mangroves in Malaysia with the application of the mangrove quality index (MQI) which was developed earlier by my research group.  We are now applying it  to mangroves around the country to determine the health status by assigning them classes 1 (worst) -5 (excellent) which may help  forest managers to manage them better for their conservation and ecosystem services associated with it.

Professor Dr. Ahmed Osumanu Haruna
Field of Specialization: Soil Fertility and Management
+6086 855406

Prof. Dr. Ahmed Osumanu  Haruna (PhD, UPM) has extensive experience in teaching, supervision,  research, industrial linkages, consultancies, knowledge transfer, and other professional services. His research focus includes soil and plants interactions, wastes management and utilization, fertilizer technology, soil carbon dynamics, and humic substances. Among his current research work are soil and crop productivity improvement using organic and inorganic amendments,  biological farming,  and greenhouse mitigating in organic and mineral soils in farming systems.

Dr. Khan Waseem Razzaq
Field of Specialization: Forest Management, Mangrove Ecology, Geospatial analysis, REDD+

BSc Forestry - Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar; MSc Forestry - Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar; MS Environmental Sciences NUST Pakistan; PhD Forest Management & Ecosystem Sciences (Universiti Putra Malaysia).

For almost ten years, I have been a student of Forestry. I began my research work in sub-tropical forests in my home country Pakistan. During my research in the Master degree of Forestry, I focused on medicinal plants in the area of Murree Hills and used the same area for my MS Environmental Sciences research work in deforestation and degradation under the umbrella of REDD+. My PhD project focused on mangroves and sediments which included studying key factors causing low mangrove productivity at Matang Forests in Peninsular Malaysia. With my research team, we developed case studies to use stable isotopes in the mangroves reserve and monitor their productivity decline. My long-term research goals specifically target four areas: highlighting key risk factors hampering mangrove productivity, assessing efficiency of constructed peat/wetland in terms of carbon sequestration as compared to natural peat lands, collaborate with local communities for sustainable use of mangrove forests and study the effect of silviculture techniques in restoring and preserving peatlands and mangroves besides using the IOT & remote sensing   in forest ecosystem monitoring of mangrove health and peatland ecosystem.

Research Associates Biodiversity Borneo Laboratory

Associate Professor Dr. Seca Gandaseca
Field of Specialization: Forest Engineering
+6019 4830370

Currently working as an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Forestry and Environment, UPM. A passionate researcher in driving some relevant research and directing student research projects. The previous educational background, both Master and Ph.D. were in Forest Engineering and Ergonomics from Kyoto University, Japan. The research focus is on the environmental impact of timber harvesting systems, especially into soil and water quality, ergonomic evaluations of forest operation, forest science following the current issues such as forest rehabilitation, climate change, certifications, etc. Current research activity is mangrove forest operations and its impact on the environment especially to soil and water quality, mangrove sediment quality index, ergonomic evaluations of mangrove forest operation workers, and developing an allometric equation for forest plantation. For more information, please visit


Associate Professor Dr. Roland Kueh Jui Heng
Field of Specialization: Forest Ecology
+6086 855228

Having a background in forestry, the area of focus is in the area of carbon sequestration and impact of air pollution on trees. For more information, please visit

Associate Professor Dr. Geoffery James Gerusu
Field of Specialization: Environmental Hydrology and Hydrogeology, Forest Management and Ecosystem Sciences
+6086 855454

I completed my PhD degree from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) in 2013 with a focus on agricultural hydrology. My current research interest is focused on forest hydrology, watershed management and runoff generation processes. Over the years there have been limited information in these related fields especially under diverse types of plants canopies such as natural tropical forest, planted forest and oil palm. Having an in-depth understanding of those fields helps to partially improve this situation by providing an updated and valuable finding that can assist relevant authorities to protect catchment areas towards creating a sustainable supply of clean and safe water for all living nature. The other research interest efforts are rainfall-runoff, sedimentation and hydrograph separation for urban catchments. For more information, please visit


Dr. Omar Faruqi Bin Marzuki
Field of Specialization: Aerospace Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Renewable Energy, Safety, Health & Environmental
+6086 855847

Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering with 6 years of experimental research experience. Specialized in wind energy, aerodynamics, renewable energy. My research efforts focus on novel sustainable and renewable energy applications. My research activities are centered around wind energy, more precisely, in the application of solar tower. Aerospace engineering has enabled me to relate biodiversity to several applications, such as monitoring biodiversity using drone technology.


Dr. Ellie Teo Yi Lih
Field of Specialization: Advanced Material, Electrochemistry, Carbon-based material, Energy Storage, Sensor
+6086 855742

Ellie is a Ph.D graduate in Advanced Material from Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP). She is equipped with over six (6) years of experience in electrochemistry and energy storage acquired through industry projects and research academia. Currently, her research work is focused on carbon-based material especially graphene for the use in energy storage devices (redox flow battery, supercapacitors), sensors and corrosion study.

Dr. Latifah binti Omar
Field of Specialization: Soil Nitrogen Management, Compost Production and Agriculture Wastes Management.
+6086 8555830

Latifah binti Omar had completed her first degree (Bachelor Science in Bioindustry - 2009), Master of Science (Msc - 2011), and Doctoral Philosophy (Ph.D - 2016) at Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus. Her recent researches are focused on the balance requirements of organic and chemical based fertilizers in rice production. Reutilization and fortification of agriculture wastes are prominent approaches in her research in line with the goals to reduce sole dependence on chemical based fertilizers and to achieve high rice yield under sustainable development agronomic practices. Use of balance organic and chemical fertilizers in rice production are most preferred in empowerment rice sector for food security in Malaysia. For more information, please visit google scholar


Ts. Dr. Nozieana Khairuddin
Field of specialization: Renewable energy, Food and Biomaterial Processing
+6086 855823

She gained her bachelor degree in Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia in 2003. She then obtained her Master and Doctor of Philosophy in Bioprocess Engineering from the same university. Currently, she is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus and a member of several professional bodies as Board of Engineer Malaysia (BEM), Malaysian Society of and Agricultural and Food Engineering (MSAE). Her areas of expertise include food and biomaterial processing; active-smart packaging, food safety and sustainability; nanotechnology and renewable energy. Apart from this, she is also an active member of Renewable energy group in UPMKB and a leader for biodiesel research group. For more information, please visit


Dr. Mugunthan A/L Perumal
Field of Specialization: Forest Ecology and Soil Science
Tel: +6086 855287
B.Sc. (Hons) (Plant Resource Science & Management) Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS),
M.Sc. (Soil Science) UNIMAS, Ph.D. (Ecology) UNIMAS 

My PhD research focused on the ecological study of enrichment planting of one potential Bornean tropical indigenous species, Shorea macrophylla (de Vriese) P.S. Ashton or locally known as Engkabang jantong for restoration of tropical rainforest ecosystems in Sampadi Forest Reserve, Sarawak, Malaysia. Since year 2012, I have been actively involved in research and consultancy projects related to forestry and agriculture in Sarawak. As a member of the research team comprising experts from state government agency and international organisation, one of our significant output from the long-term field research work was on the establishment of effective reforestation techniques for restoration of degraded forest ecosystems in Sarawak. My current research interest is based on forest restoration and rehabilitation, soil fertility and management, plant and soil interactions as well as environmental science. For more information, please visit

Updated:: 18/11/2021 [lanz]



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